Course Instructor: Robert Dodge
Since European integration began 61 years ago with the Schuman Declaration, has there developed a sense of being a "European citizen" among the 450 million people who live in the 27 member states of the European Union (EU)? Or are the residual "old" ethno-nationalisms still prevalent? And is the EU's official mantra, "unity through diversity," an oxymoron? These questions have taken on added importance with the meltdown last year of the Greek and Irish economies, both members of the Euro zone. This course will examine how the EU grew out of the European Coal and Steel Community, and then the European Economic Community, often referred to as the common market. These developments represented a conscious effort to prevent war between and among the countries of Europe after two devastating World Wars during the first half of the 20th century. The essence of this process was to have the governments of Europe give up some aspects of their sovereignty, or to use the more positive term, "pooling their sovereignty," in order to make war no longer possible or desirable.