Created: December 8, 2020  |  Last Updated: December 8, 2020  |  Category:   |  Tagged: , ,

Analyzing an Epidemic: Ke’alohi Worthington ’19 studies COVID infection rate among Pacific Islanders with Hawaii Department of Health

Ke’alohi Worthington

Ke’alohi Worthington ’19 found herself back in Hawaii when the COVID-19 pandemic sent graduate students home for the spring 2020 semester—presenting her with a unique opportunity to enhance her education and help people in her native state.

Worthington majored in neuroscience during her time at W&J and traveled the world studying cultural diversity through W&J’s Magellan Project. She currently is working toward a Master of Public Health degree in epidemiology at the University of Pittsburgh, which she is targeted to complete in spring 2021.

In returning home, she says she found what she considers a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to combine her career passion for chronic illness in indigenous peoples and Native Hawaiian health with a demographic study of the pandemic, which has had a disproportionate effect on some Pacific Islander populations during the course of two COVID surges.

“Race is more than just a social construct in Hawaii,” says Worthington, who landed an internship in the spring and summer of 2020 with the Hawaii Department of Health. Her task: to provide demographic data analysis as part of an ongoing study looking at the effects of the pandemic on Native Hawaiians, as well as other Pacific Islander groups and minorities.

“Hawaii’s racial profile is drastically different than that of the rest of the US, which is why this project was pushed to the forefront and was needed for the next phase of Hawaii’s COVID response,” Worthington says.

Worthington says the study “seemed to really bring out stark health differences” among the various populations.

Initial data released by the health department in June 2020 showed that non-Hawaiian Pacific Islanders and Filipinos had the highest COVID-19 infection rates in Hawaii at the time, while Native Hawaiians were not experiencing disproportionate rates of virus infections, according to a June 6 article published in Civil Beat. The data did not, however, include the results of a more recent second surge in COVID cases there.

According to the article, non-Hawaiian Pacific Islanders made up only 4 percent of the state’s population, yet they represented 13 percent of the COVID cases in the state. Filipinos, meanwhile, made up 16 percent of the state’s population while representing 21 percent of the coronavirus cases. Native Hawaiians, though, represented 21 percent of the state’s population while making up 13 percent of the virus cases at the time.

Worthington says her own interests in public health focus on chronic illnesses such as diabetes and dementia, particularly in Native Hawaiians. Such illnesses, she says, tend to leave this population more vulnerable to highly contagious diseases such as COVID-19.

“My culture has always been a big part of my identity and has always been an area of importance to me,” Worthington says. “For me, anthropological work just wasn’t enough. I wanted to help this community beyond just preserving the culture, and the work I’ve done in the health fields has allowed me to make a bigger impact.”

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