These two sequential advanced courses focus on the development and application of advanced functional, purposeful Spanish language skills, with special emphasis on speaking and writing. Through formal and informal writing assignments, grammatical exercises, and reading of different genres of texts, students will be able to advance their proficiency in Spanish. In written and spoken Spanish they will express complex ideas, debate critical perspectives, and construct arguments. Course materials center on popular topics in the Spanish-speaking world and issues of global importance. Students will demonstrate knowledge of advanced grammar and linguistic aspects of Spanish, such as morphology, semantics, and syntax. Taught in Spanish.