What happens after wars end? This seminar will examine critical issues that emerged to impact the lived experiences of veterans and civilians in the aftermath of the U.S. Civil War, the First and Second World War, and the U.S. War in Vietnam and analyze the responses that various constituencies have made to them. Topics will include the death, recovery, burial, and memorialization of American War dead; the needs and expectations of veterans and refugees; the occupation of countries with which the United States was formerly at war; and the environmental legacies of warfare. In studying this history, we will also interrogate a larger question: How have individuals and groups sought to recuperate from war, and what have been the impacts and implications of those efforts?