These two sequential introductory courses are for students with little or no knowledge of Spanish. Both courses implement a proficiency-oriented, communicative approach that combines the rapid development of speaking, listening, and reading comprehension skills with the acquisition of cultural knowledge. Through constant exposure to visual media, cultural products, and written texts, students learn high-frequency vocabulary and structures. The language students practice in class has practical application in the Spanish-speaking world; they will be able to perform basic communicative tasks in a range of everyday situations. Cultural study at this level broadens students’ understanding of relationships between their culture and those of Spanish-speaking countries and regions. Taught largely in Spanish.