Russia, the Soviet Union, and the CIS

The chronological parameters of this course are from the reign of Tsar Nicholas II to the formation of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). Special attention is given to the 1905­­-1917 period, including the February and October Revolutions, Stalin’s Russia, the attempted reforms of Khrushchev and Gorbachev, the August 1991 Putsch, and the era of Boris Yeltsin, including the “October Days” of 1993, the Duma elections, and constitutional referendum in December 1993.