This course explores the theme of revolutionary change in Russia from the reign of Peter the Great in the late 17th century to the presidency of Vladimir Putin today. Peter was one of Russia’s great revolution makers, orchestrating change in governance, sociability, and cultural expression and setting the stage for future revolutions from above and below. Peter’s imperial and Soviet successors in the 18th to 20th centuries embraced his method of making sudden, sweeping changes. And in the new millennium, Putin has proved no less revolutionary. In each of these eras, revolution from above has been challenged by subjects and citizens who also draw on elements of the Petrine legacy. Working thematically, we will explore three types of revolution: the political, the social, and the cultural. Our exploration will take us through a range of primary and secondary sources, to which students will be asked to apply critical reading, writing, and analytical skills as we discuss them together. Our goal this semester is to explore the many meanings the term “revolution” may take, investigate the often-cyclical nature of revolutions, and interrogate why change in Russia has so often taken on a revolutionary character rather than following a more gradual path.