In this course, students will prepare a substantial piece of original scholarship based on substantial research in primary sources. Through readings, discussions, writing workshops, and individual tutorials, students will discuss how historians develop a research topic, conduct research and evaluate evidence, and apply secondary and theoretical materials to produce analytical, argumentative scholarship. Research projects may take the form of a traditional research paper of 15-20 pages or a physical or digital exhibit of equivalent substance. The course will culminate with a symposium in which students will publicly present their research. Topics will vary. Offered each fall. HIS 400 may be replaced by an independent study (HIS 500 and/or HIS 501) with departmental approval.